One of the major concerns for growing trees in the backyard is space. if you were a commercial fruit orchard owner, you would have large space in acres and plenty of inter tree space to allow for machinery for movement and growth of the tree. This is not the case with backyard fruit tree planting, and space is premium really. If you are using the backyard for fruit planting you only need space for yourselves and your family and a bit for storage of tools and equipment.
* You don’t need large inter tree space
* You don’t need extra space for larger equipment.
* This really implies you can use most space for actual fruit tree and bush planting
* You don’t need a large amount for fruit hence tree size becomes really important.
* With managed fruit trees, you can optimize our backyard into a very productive area and also make it look good with the addition of perennials herbs, and flowers.
One factor to keep in mind is that directives and requirements of commercial fruit growing are very different. for example, commercial fruit production focuses a lot on cosmetics aspects and blemish-free fruits. Most fruits that are spotty or got some cuts or blemish are rejected early in the production process. This is NOT the case with home backyard fruit production, you wouldn’t mind eating a slightly cut or blemished fruit as long it tastes good and is organic, as you know it came from your land. This also makes backyard fruit gardening much easier and relieves the strains on demands that it puts on the average gardener.
* Most important factor in backyard tree management is size control
You may start with a rootball or bare-root plant and let it grow for a year, before pruning it in winter to the required size. Repeat the pruning cycle as required every year and maintain your tree to the size you want.
* Remember that you define the size of the tree, the only thing which is affected is the amount of fruit which would be proportional to size. This should not be a limiting factor though.
* There are not as such rules or guidelines for tree size, you can maintain the tree size which is manageable to you.
* You don’t want to act or plan like a professional fruit orchard owner. The key difference is they grow a lot of it and they want to synchronize the production and shipments.
* What you want is a little bit of fruit all around the year. Grow many different types which flowers and fruit at different times, which would then allow for a constant stream of fruits.
one key factor is to understand the micro-climate of your backyard. You would be wondering what is this micro-climate? It’s not rocket science it’s just the understanding and idea of where the shady spots are? where is the land water clogged? Which part get the most frost etc. This knowledge will arm you with a wealth of ideas on how to plant trees in various parts of the garden.
* You need to figure out which parts of your backyard are suitable for example, apples and which parts are suitable for citrus. This knowledge is critical in getting a healthy fruit garden.
In areas where water doesn’t drain well enough, you may use raised beds.
raised beds are such an important tool in a gardener’s arsenal that will help you time and again. You can use any objects to create raised beds according to your needs.
Caring for your backyard fruit trees and plants can be a lot more satisfying and doesn’t have to be a chore. You’re only several feet away from a plethora of fresh fruit trees and plants in your home garden, and we’ve got the how-to’s to get you started.
Wouldn’t it be wonderful to pick a delicious peach or a handful of strawberries right from your yard? Nothing quite compares to picking a fresh, luscious piece of fruit from your tree. if you spend enough time at your cabin to truly appreciate the bounty. Even if you have a limited area, you may produce a variety of fruits in your home garden.
Before you start planting and caring for your fruit trees, here’s what every gardener should know!
Choosing Fruit Trees and Plants for your Garden
It’s a good idea to look for trees and shrubs that have some inherent disease resistance. Scabies and fire blight are frequent diseases in apples and pears. Certain fruits, such as raspberries, should be purchased from a nursery that proliferates virus-free plants. Selecting disease-resistant plants does not assure that you will never have a disease problem, but it does improve your chances.
Consider the bloom time as well. Many fruits bloom early in the season. Such early bloomers may survive if your location is prone to late frosts, but they will never fully thrive or dependably set fruit. You’ll need to plant these plants in a very suitable and sheltered location to grow them in a marginal region.
Fruit trees and plants in the garden – Planting fruit trees in different ways
Fruit trees cultivated in containers are the most widely accessible and easiest to plant. They’re similar to balled-and-burlapped plants in that they’re accessible all year and come in a variety of sizes.
Bare Root Planting:
Bare-root plants are acquired when they are dormant and leafless, usually in late winter or early spring. They’re generally the cheapest option to buy plants because they don’t include the cost of soil or containers.
Balled and Burlapped Planting:
From spring through autumn, balled-and-burlapped fruit trees and bushes, also known as b-&-b, are available. They have a root ball that is covered in burlap or another similar substance.
Fruit trees and plants in garden – Taking additional care of your fruit trees and plants
Every fruit tree has its unique set of requirements and instructions for upkeep. Watering, fertilizing, trimming, pruning, safeguarding it from pests and disease, and performing other care activities will be required throughout the life of your tree. Pay special attention to the unique requirements of each tree (or plant) you choose to cultivate.
Fruit Trees that bloom in backyard gardens
Here are some of the greatest fruits plants to consider, if you’re interested in planting fruit trees and plants in your home garden:
- Apples: Apples are one of the hardiest fruit trees. Apples, on the other hand, are more sensitive to pests and disease than other fruits.
- Grapes: Grapevines may be trained to grow on a trellis or wire support because they are a vine fruit. Just keep an eye out during harvest season—grapes are a regular thorn in the flesh of the birds.
- Cherries: Sweet and sour cherries are both low-maintenance little fruit trees that require little to no pruning and are resistant to pests and diseases.
- Strawberries: Strawberries are one of the easiest fruits to grow, requiring only a modest amount of room and water. Simply put them in your food garden or sun-drenched containers. While they can withstand hard winters, you may need to replenish the beds with new strawberry plants every couple of summers to keep the yield continuing.
- Peaches: Peach trees are naturally tiny trees, making them an excellent alternative if you don’t have much room. To obtain the finest harvests, they do need a little trimming and thinning.
- Blackberries and Raspberries: These resilient fruits, known as brambles, require little more than pruning now and again to keep them productive. While these bushes are notorious for their thorns, there are now thorn-free versions available.
- Plums: Plum trees are resilient, and the majority of them yield bumper crops every other year. Only a few kinds are self-pollinating, so be aware that if you want a plum crop, you may need to purchase two trees.
- Apricots: Apricot trees are low-maintenance fruit plants that thrive in full light. However they do not, bear fruit in the first year after planting, so don’t be discouraged if they take a long to settle in.
Tips and Tricks for growing fruit trees and plants in your garden:
Pollinators must be well-cared
Pollinators, such as bees, are important in every garden because they transfer pollen between plants, causing your trees to fruit. When your trees are flowering, never apply insecticides since this can kill and discourage pollinators, preventing your trees from pollinating and growing fruit. If you’re having trouble with bugs, look into non-chemical solutions.
Fruit trees and plants in the garden – Use space-saving techniques
Consider these space-saving ways to get the most out of your tree fruits, especially if your yard is small. Planting trees near to a wall and splaying out their branches against it, trimming growth to train the tree to grow tight to the wall, is known as fan-training.
We are already established that growing big trees is not always feasible, it’s more a situation of what limitations you have and what conditions do you have to work with. Just a case of having the right tree for the right application. You shall be surprised that with little care and determination, you can train trees to follow certain shapes in a very limited fashion, essentially a long process but v all very fruitful
Stepover configuration: it’s a fundamentally decorative idea and has been used for a long time where a tree is a dwarf and basically only carries two trained big branches going in a different direction only at a step high, hence the name step over. Although basically cosmetic this idea can be applied to have very smart dwarf trees in a very competitive fashion to conserve space and maximum output. If you want to use Step Over configuration then appeal at pear trees are most suitable although not limited to.
Fenced Trees: This is a formation where crystal krone in France-like structures. To what we discussed earlier and it’s just a case of keeping the branch that you want and claiming everything else and growing trees at a particular distance from each other and growing only the branches that you want, which will in fact create an edible fence. Both fenced and Stepover trees are the case of very careful training over the years and to put it simply, just cut off the branch that you don’t want and keep the ones you want, resulting in a shape and size you can fit in your garden.
Semi-dwarf Potted trees: Trees are the function of the rootstock, t put it simply the size of the tree is determined by rootstock. that is why when you want to top roots to grow too much, you just trim the tree down in a calculated way which signals the root to stop growing. Semi-dwarf trees can be grown in big pots over the range of 6 to 9 feet and they can be very productive as compared to the size of a bigger tree.
Arched Formation: Don’t be surprised, you can have an edible apple arch by training an appropriate apple tree over a garden arch, just like you would to any other tree or plant. It will take time but tie the branches you want to keep to the arch structure and cut off the rest, and in a few years, you will have a garden arch full of apples.
Make use of space-saving methods
Consider these space-saving ways to get the most out of your tree fruits, especially if your yard is small. Planting the tree with a long bamboo stick and pruning the branches so that the tree develops in one tall stem rather than a tangle of branches is a good technique to produce fruit trees in a small space. Finally, if you’re short on room, look for miniature fruit trees, which may be planted both outside and indoors in containers.
It takes a little patience to cultivate fruit trees for your first homegrown crop, but professional gardeners say its well worth the effort. As the old saying goes, “A big harvest does not happen overnight.”